Frequently asked questions

Data Protection

Does the EU’s GDPR apply in the Cayman Islands?

The EU has no legal authority to enact laws in the Cayman Islands, however, if you collect personal data about individuals who are resident in the EU, you may be subject to the GDPR.  For more details read our news item Cayman Islands Businesses & General Data Protection Regulations (GDPR) 

Freedom of Information

Who can request information under the FOI Law?

Anyone can request information under the Freedom of Information Law, regardless of their nationality, physical location or age.

Who should I address my request to?

You should direct your request to the Information Manager (IM) of the public authority that you believe holds the records. You can find out who the IM is by:

If you wish, you may use the standard FOI Request Form

If you make your request to the wrong public authority, the Law requires the IM to transfer your request within 14 days to the public authority that holds the record(s) or whose functions are more closely connected with the subject matter of your request.

What qualifies as a request for information under the FOI Law?

In order for your request to qualify as a request under the FOI Law it must:

  • be made in writing, which includes email
  • contain enough information to enable the public authority to identify the records

You do not need to mention the FOI Law, but it may help to do so.

What information can I request?

You can ask for any information the Government holds. In some cases the Government may legitimately withhold information from you because there are certain limited exemptions from disclosure under the FOI Law. Government may also defer disclosure of certain information.

For more on exemptions, see sections 15 to 25 of the FOI Law.

Is there a difference between asking for 'records' and 'information'?

You should try and make your request for a 'record', if possible. If you don’t know what record to ask for, you should seek assistance from the Information Manager (IM) you are dealing with. The IM has a duty to communicate with you and help you refine your request.

A proper request for records would be: “I want access to the travel receipts for the month of December”.

An poor request would be: “I want to know how much Government spent on travel in December?”.

The FOI Law grants a right to obtain access to records. A record is defined as 'information held in any form'. This includes a record in writing, a map, plan, graph or drawing, a photograph, a disk tape, sound track, any film, etc.

Can I make an anonymous request?

Yes, you have to supply a name when you make a request or an appeal, but it does not have to be your real name. You can ask that a copy of the records be sent to an email address without revealing your real name.  If you ask for your own personal information you cannot make your request anonymously - you will need to show proof of identity.

You can also download the Appeal Request Form, however use of this form is not mandatory. 

Do I have to tell the Government why I want the information?

No, you do not have to give any reasons why you want the information or how you intend to use it. In some cases background information you can provide may assist the Information Manager in locating the records you have requested. Some background information may also assist the public authority and the Ombudsman in determining the public interest.

How quickly must the Government respond to my request?

A public authority must acknowledge your request within 10 calendar days, and reply within 30 calendar days. If the request has to be transferred to another public authority, the transfer itself must be completed within 14 calendar days, and the second public authority then has 30 calendar days from the date of the transfer.

The initial 30-day period can be extended for good cause by a further 30 calendar days.

What should the Government include in the response I receive?

When the Information Manager gives you the public authority’s initial decision, the reply should:

  • provide the records (if any are held) that were requested in full or in part, with the legal reasons for any entire records or parts of records that are being withheld
  • include the options available to you, e.g. whether and how you can request an internal review or an appeal to the Ombudsman

If the public authority does not hold any records relevant to your request, this should be stated in the decision. The search efforts that were made should be explained to you.

What if the Government doesn't respond to my request?

If you do not get an acknowledgment of your request within 10 calendar days, and you do not know if your request has been received, you could contact the person you made the request to. If you do not get a response to your request within 30 calendar days, you should contact the Information Manager and ask for an internal review. Under the FOI Law a non-response is the same as a refusal to grant access. Therefore, you are entitled to ask that the responsible Chief Officer conduct an internal review.

If you request an internal review, and it is not conducted within 30 calendar days, you are entitled to appeal the request to the Ombudsman.

What can I do if I'm not satisfied with the response from the Government?

The FOI Law grants the general public a right to access Government records. However, there are a number of valid reasons why public authorities may withhold a record. Many records are fully or partially exempted, and you are entitled to know exactly what the legal reason is for withholding a record or part of a record. If you do not believe a record should be withheld, you are entitled to ask the Information Manager for an internal review of the decision. An internal review must be completed within 30 calendar days by the Chief Officer responsible for the public authority.

If you are not satisfied with the decision of the Chief Officer’s internal review, you can appeal to the Office of the Ombudsman. In some circumstances you can appeal directly to the Office of the Ombudsman, without an internal review. If at any time you have any questions about this process, contact the Office of the Ombudsman and we will point you in the right direction.

If your complaint is not about accessing Government information, you should consider making a customer service complaint, or complaining under the Complaints (Maladministration) Law.  Learn more about the Office of the Ombudsman's own internal complaint policy. 

How do I appeal to the Office of the Ombudsman?

The Office of the Ombudsman can only accept an appeal under the FOI Law when all other avenues have been exhausted. This normally means that first you have to ask for an internal review as described above, before you can make an appeal with the Ombudsman. Your request for an appeal with the Ombudsman needs to be in writing.

When you make an appeal we will ask you for copies of the following documentation

  • your initial request
  • the public authority’s initial decision
  • your request for an internal review
  • the Chief Officer’s internal review decision
  • any records that were disclosed to you, including redacted records

We will review your documentation and confirm whether we can accept an appeal under the Law or not. See our Appeal Policy and Practical Guidelines for more information

 

Do I need a lawyer to file an Appeal with the Ombudsman?

No, it is entirely up to you if you wish to use legal representation. You will be liable for all your own legal costs.

The Government must show that it fulfilled its obligations under the Law. Therefore, applicants are not required to file complex legal arguments, although you will have an opportunity to state your position if the appeal reaches the formal hearing stage.

How long does an appeal to the Ombudsman take?

The duration of an appeal will depend on a number of factors, including whether it can be resolved informally or whether it proceeds to a formal hearing.

Where can I find the formal decisions made under the FOI Law?

The formal decisions can be found here

Government & Police Complaints

What is our authority?

The Office of the Ombudsman was established by The Ombudsman Law, 2017 with the power and authority to investigate complaints of government maladministration under The Complaints (Maladministration) Law, 2014 Revision and The Police (Complaints by the Public) Law, 2017.

We operate in a fair and independent manner to decide whether injustice has been caused by improper, unreasonable or inadequate government administrative conduct or police misconduct.

What types of complaints can we investigate?

Examples include:

  • Police misconduct
  • Bias, lack of impartiality
  • Abuse of power
  • Poor or delayed service
  • Refusal to answer reasonable questions
  • Neglecting to inform a complainant about their rights or entitlement, including appeal routes
  • Knowingly giving misleading or inadequate advice
  • Failure to adequately monitor compliance with procedures

Who does the Ombudsman report to?

A committee made up of Members of the Legislative Assembly called the Select Committee to oversee performance of the Office of the Ombudsman for Matters of Budget and Expenditure.

How do I complain?

You can fill out a Maladministration Complaint Form, fill out a Police Complaint Form, you can call us or you can come to our office.

How long does it take to resolve a complaint?

We work to resolve your complaint as soon as possible.

Is my complaint private?

Yes, we conduct our investigations in private and maintain confidentiality of your information.

Can the Ombudsman investigate authorities such as the Water Authority, Civil Aviation, Port Authority, Cayman Airways or other statutory authorities and Government companies?

Yes, we have jurisdiction to investigate all Government ministries, companies, departments, portfolios, statutory boards and all other Government authorities.

What happens if we uphold your complaint?

We might ask the organisation to:

  • apologise to you
  • provide a service you should have received
  • make a decision that should have been made before
  • reconsider a decision that was made improperly
  • improve procedures so similar problems do not happen again
  • follow their complaints process

We do not have the legal powers to force organisations to follow our recommendations, but they do so in most cases.

Are there any types of complaints that you cannot consider?

We cannot consider complaints regarding the following:

  • actions certified by the Governor to affect relations or dealings between the Government and any other government
  • matters involving defence, external affairs or internal security
  • actions taken by the Director of Public Prosecutions, the Commissioner of Police, the Chief Immigration Officer or the Collector of Customs for the purposes of investigating crime, or protecting the security of the islands
  • actions taken in connection with the Governor's power of pardon
  • civil or criminal proceedings
  • staffing decisions made by the Government (appointments, removals, pay, discipline or other personal matters)
  • legal advice given by the Attorney General or the Director of Public Prosecutions
  • action taken by the Auditor General
  • any judicial function

Who do you involve when investigating a complaint?

We will discuss your complaint with you to gain a full understanding of your concerns. Ensuring that your complaint is clear and concise will improve the likelihood of finding a satisfactory resolution. We will also contact the organisation you are complaining about to understand their position and find out if anything can be done to put things right.

What do you need to know about my complaint?

We want to find out:

  • what happened
  • what should have happened
  • why you are complaining
  • why you feel it is still not resolved after complaining
  • what would put things right for you

Whistleblowing

What's the purpose of the Whistleblower Protection Law, 2015?

This law was enacted to encourage, help and protect employees who choose to report improper conduct by their employer.

Who does this law apply to?

The Whistleblower Protection Law applies to all employers and employees in the Cayman Islands. This includes public and private employers and employees.

What's the responsibility of a whistleblower under this Law?

A whistleblower must act in good faith and in the public interest. You must honestly believe that a person is engaging in improper conduct.

Who can make a disclosure?

The following people are considered to be 'employees' and entitled to make a disclosure:

  • an employee in the public or private sector
  • any person who assisted an employer for free
  • any person who had a contract with or was an agent of an employer

Will my identity be protected?

Yes, your identity and the information you give to us is secret and confidential. The Freedom of Information Law does not apply to disclosures.

Do I have other protections as a whistleblower?

An employee shall not be liable in any civil or criminal proceedings or to any disciplinary proceeding because he or she has made a disclosure in accordance with the Whistleblower Protection Law.

Why does my disclosure have to be made 'in the public interest' before it will receive protection under the Law?

The requirement for a disclosure to be made in the public interest is to prevent employees from making disclosures purely in their own self-interest or using the law to bring employment disputes to the Ombudsman.

What is improper conduct?

Improper conduct is defined as:

  • a criminal offence
  • a failure to carry out a legal obligation
  • conduct that has, or is likely to:
    • result in a miscarriage of justice
    • be a detrimental action
    • result in a violation of human rights
    • result in a threat to health and safety
    • result in a threat or damage to the environment
  • conduct that shows gross mismanagement, impropriety or misconduct involving public funds
  • willful concealment of any act described above

What is the Ombudsman’s role?

We receive, investigate, recommend and report on disclosures of improper conduct and detrimental actions. We also plan, implement and monitor public awareness programmes aimed to educate and inform employees, employers and the general public.

How do I make a disclosure of improper conduct?

Contact our office or get legal advice from an attorney-at-law.

Why is it important to make a disclosure to the Ombudsman or an attorney-at-law?

You will be protected from any detrimental action taken against you for making a disclosure.

Can the Ombudsman refuse to deal with a disclosure of improper conduct?

Yes, the Ombudsman can refuse to deal with a disclosure or refuse to commence an investigation into improper conduct or cease an investigation in the following circumstances:

  • the disclosure is not protected
  • the subject matter of the disclosure or investigation has been adequately dealt with
  • the disclosure is frivolous or not sufficiently important to warrant an investigation
  • the circumstances have changed so the investigation is unnecessary

If the Ombudsman refuses to investigate, we will notify you in writing and provide reasons for the refusal within 15 days.

What is detrimental action?

If you have made a disclosure and your employer acts in reprisal, this is a detrimental action and includes:

  • action causing injury, loss or damage
  • intimidation or harassment
  • unlawful discrimination, disadvantage or adverse treatment
  • preventing, restraining or restricting an employee from making a protected disclosure
  • inducing any person by threats, promises or otherwise to contravene The Whistleblower Protection Law, 2015

What happens if my employer takes detrimental action against me?

If a person takes detrimental action against you, they are liable to receive a fine or be imprisoned. If the courts convicts the person, the court may order (if the employer and employee agree) the employer to reinstate you. You can, in addition to any other rights or remedies available to you under the Law, sue the person who took detrimental action against you for any injury, loss or damage you suffered. You may ask the court to remedy the detrimental action or ask the court to grant an injunction with any terms the court considers appropriate.

You may file a complaint with the Director of Labour under the Labour Law (2011 Revision) on the ground that you have been subjected to a detrimental action. The Director will refer your complaint to a labour tribunal. Before you make a complaint, you must ask the Ombudsman to decide whether your disclosure is a protected disclosure under the Law.

If you are a civil servant, the Ombudsman may request the Deputy Governor transfer your employment within the civil service, with your consent.

If you have suffered detriment as a result of your protected disclosure, we can make recommendations to your employer to:

  • permit you to return to your duties
  • reinstate you, or pay compensation instead of reinstatement if the relationship of trust cannot be restored
  • pay you in an amount equivalent to the damage you have suffered
  • rescind any disciplinary action and pay compensation equivalent to any financial or other penalty imposed
  • pay your expenses directly related to the reprisal
  • compensate you for up to $10,000 for pain and suffering as a result of the reprisal

What if my employer dismisses me because I intended to make, was the in process of making or actually made a protected disclosure?

You will be treated by the court or the labour tribunal as having been unfairly dismissed if you choose to take civil action or make a complaint to the Director of Labour.

I am an employer, what are my responsibilities under the Law?

There are no specific responsibilities of an employer under this Law; however, employers should promote ethical practices as well as a positive environment for disclosing improper conduct.

Do employers have rights under the Law?

Employers have the right to be heard, the right to provide an explanation and to receive a report of our investigation and recommendations.

Employers will receive notice of a disclosure and details of the alleged improper conduct. You may be interviewed as part of our investigation and you will be invited to make written submissions on the allegations against you. Once all submissions have been received, the Ombudsman will provide you with a draft report for your comment and review. Once all comments have been received and reviewed, a final report will be issued by the Ombudsman. You will receive a copy of this report.

Can an employer prevent me from making a disclosure?

No, employment agreements are void if they prevent you from making a protected disclosure.

Employment agreements may not require you to:

  • agree not to make a disclosure during or after your employment
  • refrain from instituting any proceedings pursuant to this Law
  • withdraw or abandon any disclosure made under this Law

Who does the Ombudsman report to?

Under the Whistleblower Protection Law, the Governor has responsibility for:

  • overseeing and inspecting the work of the Ombudsman under the Whistleblower Protection Law
  • reviewing our annual report

The Governor may also give directions as to the policy and performance in relation to matters appearing to concern the public interest.